Glomera montana Rchb.f.

Glomera montana Rchb.f., Linnaea 41: 77 (1876) – Type :  Milne 214 (holotype, K; drawing of holotype AMES, w 37241)

Agrostophyllum reineckeanum Kraenzl., Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 25:602 (1898) – Type : Reinecke 297 (holotype B, lost; iso E, G)

Glomera samoensis Rolfe, Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew 1908:414 (1908) – Type : Funk 11 (holotype, K)

Glomera gibbsiae Rolfe, J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 39:176 (1909) – Type : Gibbs 807

Glomera reineckeana (Kraenzl.) Schltr., Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni. Veg. 9:96 (1911)

Glomera rugulosa Schltr., Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni. Veg. beih. 1:287 (1912)- Type : Schlechter 18200 (holotype B, lost)

Glossorhyncha gibbsiae (Rolfe) Schltr. Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 58:81 (1922)


Growth form Epiphyte, erect or patent, up to 1.2 m tall. Rhizome abbreviated. Roots filiform, long,  flexible, glabrous Stem crowded, somewhat rigid, somewhat compressed, proliferously leafed, completely covered by leaf sheaths, 2.2-4.5 mm in diameter. Leaf ligulate or linear-ligulate, erect-patent, subcoriaceous; apex unequally 2-lobed, both lobe obtuse; base wedge-shaped; lamina 5.5-14 cm long, 0.5-1.5 cm wide; sheath tubular, minutely and densely warty, 1.2-2.8 cm long, punctate; apex toothed, margin glabrous. Inflorescences capitate, nodding, semiglobose, 6-15-flowered, when young enveloped by a spathe. Spathe broadly ovate, transparent; apex apiculate; base wedge-shaped, with brown dots; floral bracts elliptic-ovate to obovate,  transparent, with few brown dots, 6.5-7.5 mm long, 2.5-3.2 mm wide. Flowers upside-down, glabrous. Median sepal free, erect, oblong to elliptic-ovate, 6.5-9mm long, 2.5-3.2 mm wide; apex subacute, 5-nerved. Lateral sepals connate near the base, weakly spreading, obliquely ovate-falcate, conspicuously dilated basally, 7-8 mm long, 4-4.5 mm wide; apex broadly acute or acuminate, shortly mucronate, 5-nerved. Petal erect, oblong to oblong-elliptic, slightly oblique, 6-7.5 mm long, 2.3-3 mm wide; apex broadly subacute to obtuse, 5-nerved. Lip, quadrate oblong, 2-3 mm long, 1.8-2.2 mm wide, weakly channeled; epichile broadly obtuse, without glandular cells on apex; hypochile spurred; spur subquadrate, broadly obtuse,  3 mm long. Column prominently dilated distally, 2-2.5 mm long, with short column foot; clinandrium 3-lobed, lateral lobes unequally bidentate; stigma transversely elliptic, posterior margin prominently raised; stelidia not seen. Anther broadly cucullate, with high and obtuse projection, retuse anterior, glabrous, 1.3 mm wide; pollinia 4, laterally compressed, obliquely obovoid, 1 mm long, 0.75 mm wide; viscidium absent. Ovary cylindric-fusiform, somewhat elliptic in cross section, 3-ribbed, 6-11 mm long. Capsule not seen.

Distribution - Papua New Guinea, Solomon Islands, Fiji, Samoa and Vanuatu.

Habitat and Ecology - Epiphyte in dense forest on high ridges. Altitude 1300-2100 m. Flowering in September and February in the wild, fruiting between December and May in the wild.  

Notes -  1. Flowers white, distal portion of labellum pink or red-tinged. Fragrant? Check in Hortus.

2. The epithet montana refers to the mountaneous habitus.

3. Description only based on the drawing of the type specimen and original description made by Reichenbach and an updated description from Flora Vitiensis Nova.

4. Spirit collection No. 24268 Identified as G. montana does not match with the type description and drawing, especially in the lip.