Glomera antaresensis (P.Royen) J.M.Shaw

Glomera antarasensis (P.Royen) J.M.H. Shaw, Alp. Fl. New Guinea 2:626 (1979) –

Type: Nicolas 28 (holotype L)


Growth form Terrestrial, twining herb. Rhizome not seen. Roots filiform, long, flexible, glabrous. Stem slender, cylindrical, glabrous, proliferously leafed, completely covered by leaf sheaths, internodes 0.4-1.2 cm long. Leaf ovate, patent, coriaceous, glabrous, midrib grooved above, prominent below, with 3 lateral nerves on either side but visible on underside only, margin revolute, irregularly finely crenulate, carnose, punctate below only; apex unequally 2-lobed, both lobes obtuse; lamina 0.4-1.2 cm long, 0.2-0.5 cm wide; sheath tubular, warty mainly on the ribs, many-ribbed, 0.2-1.5 cm long; apex with tooth, with bristled margin, bristles 0.1-0.25 cm long, each finely papillate. Inflorescences terminal, one-flowered, when young enveloped by a spathe. Spathe widely ellipsoid-tubular, scattered warty mainly on outside along nerves, many-nerved, all nerves slightly crested on outside but midrib stronger, apex obtuse and retuse, 1.05-1.1 cm long, 0.7-1.5 cm wide; floral bracts transparent, thin, ellipsoid-tubular, apex acute, 1.5 cm long, 0.35 cm wide. Flowers upright, glabrous. Median sepal oblong-ovate or ovate-lanceolate, glabrous, 3-nerved at base, 8-nerved in higher parts, apex acute, conoid-apiculate, 1.5-1.7 cm long, 0.35-0.45 cm wide. Lateral sepals free, not enclosing the spur, obliquely lanceolate-oblong, glabrous, 3-nerved at base, 5-nerved in higher parts, apex acute, base falcate-oblong dilated, 1.4-1.7 cm long, 0.30-0.35 cm wide. Petal elliptic-oblong, glabrous, 3-nerved at base, 6-nerved in higher parts, apex acute, 1.5 cm long, 0.30-0.35 cm wide. Lip adnate to the base of the column, free part ovate, 7-nerved, 0.6 -0.65 cm long, 0.45-0.52 cm wide; epichile acute, with brown glands on either side; hypochile spurred; spur cylindrical, glabrous, grooved above, apex bilobed, 1.5 cm long. Column narrowly obovoid, 0.3-0.4 cm long, 0.2 cm wide; clinandrium  crenulate; stelidia not seen. Anther not seen; rostellum not seen; stigma not seen; pollinia 4, pear-shaped, 0.07 cm long, 0.03 cm wide; viscidium not seen. Ovary oblong, glabrous, 3-ribbed, 1.5 cm long, 0.15 cm wide. Capsule not seen.

Distribution – Indonesia and Papua New Guinea.

Habitat and Ecology - Epiphyte in upper montane forest of Mt. Antares . Altitude 1768-3300 m. Flowering season in June and July in the wild.

Notes -  1. Flowers green or yellow with a lip with a purple tip.

2. The epithet  antarasensis  refers to the the location where the type specimen was found: Mt. Antares.

3. Specimen observed: Nicolas 28.