Glomera pendulosa J.M.H.Shaw

Glomera pendulosa J.M.H.Shaw,  Orchid Rev. 124 (1314, Supp.):37  (2016)

Glossorhyncha pendulata P.Royen, Alp. Fl. New Guinea 2:594(1979) – Type: Brass 9351 (holotype, L, AMES, BRI)

Growth form Epiphyte or terrestrial, pendulous, much branched, up to 180 cm long. Rhizome 1-2 mm in diameter. Root filiform, up to 8 cm long, flexible, glabrous. Stem branched, cylindric, glabrous, slender, internodes 1.05-1.5 cm long. Leaf linear, patent, coriaceous, glabrous, 3-nerved, midrib flat above, narrowly crested below, lateral nerves 1 on either side, prominent above, narrowly crested below; apex obtuse; lamina 1-4.5 cm long, 0.1 cm wide; sheath tight, tubular, black color on the apical part only, warty on youngest leaves only, glabrous on mature leaves, many-ribbed; apex toothed, black color, with bristled margin, bristles 0.1-0.15 cm long. Inflorescences terminal, one-flowered, when young enveloped by a spathe. Spathe obovoid, tubular, transparent, glabrous, 0.7-0.8 cm long, 0.35-0.54 cm wide, 5-nerved at base, 7-8-nerved in higher parts, apex acute, with brown dots; floral bracts ovate, obliquely truncate, thin, transparent, apex apiculate, with brown dots, 0.77-0.9 cm long, 0.3-0.43 cm wide, 3-5-nerved. Flower upright. Median sepal elliptic-ovate, 3-nerved at base, 5-nerved in higher parts, with silver dots in centre, 0.5-0.65 cm long, 0.2-0.25 cm wide; apex obtuse, conoid-apiculate. Lateral sepal obliquely ovate, 5-nerved, with silver dots, 0.4 cm long, 0.25 cm wide; apex obtuse, conoid-apiculate; base free, obliquely ovate dilated, appendage 0.3 cm long, 0.15 cm wide, 5-nerved. Petals oblong-elliptic, glabrous, 3-nerved at base, 5-nerved in higher parts, with silver dots in the centre, 0.45-0.5 cm long, 0.15 cm wide; apex obtuse. Lip cordate, irregularly 3-lobed, adnate to the base of the column, 0.5 cm long, 0.3 cm wide; epichile obtuse, many-nerved; hypochile spurred; spur glabrous, oblong, 0.8 cm long, 0.2 cm wide, narrowed towards the tip, obtuse and retuse at tip. Column curved, 0.2 cm long, 0.15 cm wide, without column foot;  clinandrium tridentate. Anther not seen; pollinia not seen. Ovary narrowly clavate, glabrous, 3-ribbed, each rib double one, 0.6-0.9 cm long. Capsule not seen.                                                                                                                           

Distribution –Indonesia.

Habitat and Ecology - Epiphyte in upper montane forest on exposed positions along lake Habbema.  Altitude 2591-3560 m. Flowering in February and June in the wild.

Notes - 1. Flowers green or pale yellowish green with red or brown ornamentation on the tip of the lip.

 2. The epithet pendulata refers to pendulous habit.

4. Specimen observed: L0058531.